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The Klf6 Super-enhancer Determines Klf6 Sensitivity to BRD4 Inhibitors in Human Hepatoma (HepG2) Cells

Author(s):

KumChol Ri*, MyongRyong Ri, YongJae Song, KyuHwan Kim and Chol Kim   Pages 1 - 10 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background: The Klf6 gene, belonging to Krüppel-like family of C2H2 zinc finger transcription factors, is strongly associated with tumor formation through high somatic mutations in carcinomas of the prostate, liver, colon, stomach, lung, neck, pituitary gland and nervous system. Recently, Klf6 super-enhancer which strongly regulates Klf6 gene expression has been identified, and the function of Klf6 super-enhancer which regulates cell growth studied.

Objective: The development of inhibitors targeting BRD4-binding super-enhancers is a potential target therapeutic strategy for tumor therapy. However, the suppression of Klf6 super-enhancer function by BRD4 inhibitors is not known.

Methods: CRISPR-Cas9 editing technique was used for Klf6 super-enhancer deletion experiment, and the expression levels of several genes for cell clones were detected by qRT-PCR analysis and Western blotting. Cell proliferation assay was applied to evaluate the functional role of Klf6 super-enhancer using several BRD4 inhibitors. And, the interaction of several BRD4 inhibitors against the target protein was analyzed by molecular docking simulation.

Results: As a result, JQ-1, a human BRD4 inhibitor, inhibits Klf6 gene expression and its activity in HepG2 cells in a time and dose-dependent manner while simultaneously inhibiting cell growth. In addition, BETd-246, a human BRD4 inhibitor, strongly inhibited Klf6 gene expression, significantly inhibited cell growth, and exhibited higher efficacy than JQ-1. Molecular docking studies revealed that some key residues were critical for ligand-receptor interactions by forming hydrogen bonds with ligands (JQ-1: ASN140, BETd-246: ASN140, TYR106, LYS65, GLN58, MET105, and MET53.)

Conclusions: Our findings suggest that KLF6 is regulated by Klf6 super-enhancer and the targeting of Klf6 super-enhancer by BRD4 inhibitors may be an effective therapeutic strategy for liver cancer therapy.

Keywords:

Super-enhancer, Klf6 gene, BRD4 inhibitors, CRISPR, JQ-1, BETd-246, HepG2

Affiliation:

Life Science Department, University of Science, Pyongyang, Life Science Department, University of Science, Pyongyang, Life Science Department, University of Science, Pyongyang, Life Science Department, University of Science, Pyongyang, Life Science Department, University of Science, Pyongyang



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