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Green Synthesis of Copper Oxide Nanoparticles (CuO NPs) From Aqueous Extract of Seeds of Eletteria Cardamomum and Its Antimicrobial Activity against Pathogens

[ Vol. 9 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Akshaya Venkatramanan*, Akila Ilangovan, Pakutharivu Thangarajan, Anitha Saravanan and Balachandar Mani   Pages 304 - 311 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: The Nanomaterials/Nanoparticles are of great interest today because of their small size and large surface area, modular and easily tunable morphology and size. Copper oxide (CuO) nanoparticles are widely used in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Research on the synthesis and properties of metallic nanomaterials is a growing field of nanotechnology due to the use of nanoparticles in the scientific, technical, pharmaceutical, and biomedical fields. Green synthesis is an emerging technology for the production of nanoparticles due to its many advantages over traditional physical processes and the method of chemical synthesis.

Methods: In this study, we report the cost-effective, long-lasting, stable, and regenerative aqueous extract of Elettaria cardamom seeds to target the synthesis of copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs). This method is completely green, free from toxic and harmful solvents. CuO NPs were synthesized from a cupric nitrate mixture and the aqueous extracts of Elettaria cardamom seeds were kept at room temperature for 24 h. CuO NPs were characterized using UV-visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and Fourier Transfer infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR) analyzes. UV - Vis spectroscopy revealed the presence of CuO NPs.

Results: SEM images stated that the particles were spherical and ranged in size from 1–100nm. FTIR spectra of control (seed extract) and synthesized CuO NPs identify functional groups of active components. In addition, the synthesized CuO NPs were tested for antimicrobial activity by standard disc diffusion method.

Conclusion: Nanoparticles found that Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus resistant areas were observed around each well with antimicrobial activity against disease-causing pathogenic strains.

Keywords:

Elettaria cardamom, green synthesis, CuO NPs, characterization, antimicrobial activity, pathogenic strains.

Affiliation:

Department of Biochemistry, M.G.R. College of Arts and Science, Hosur, Tamil nadu, Department of Biochemistry, M.G.R. College of Arts and Science, Hosur, Tamil nadu, Department of Biochemistry, M.G.R. College of Arts and Science, Hosur, Tamil nadu, Department of Biochemistry, M.G.R. College of Arts and Science, Hosur, Tamil nadu, Department of Biochemistry, M.G.R. College of Arts and Science, Hosur, Tamil nadu

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